Railway transport
The total length of railways is 943 kilometers, out of which the main routes account for 678 kilometers. The main segments of railways are located in the southern regions of the country; they connect the capital with the industrial areas of the Gissar and Vakhsh valleys and with the outer world.
Most international freight traffic activities are carried out by railways.
The recently constructed railway Kurgan-Tube – Kulyab has connected the Kulyab region with the central area of the country.
Passenger railway transport is used for both intercity and international travel.

Air transport
Connections by air are established by airplanes of domestic airlines “Tajik Air”, “Somon Air” and by other national and foreign air companies. The country has two large airports with runways of more than 3 kilometers in length, and four airports with landing runways of more than 2,5 kilometers in length.
Local companies “Tajik Air” and “Somon Air” perform regular flights from Tajikistan to Munich, Frankfurt, Istanbul, Sharjah, Tehran, Urumqi, Dubai, Moscow, Saint-Petersburg, Yekaterinburg, Almaty, Bishkek and other destinations around the world.
Automobile transport
The total length of roads in the country is 27,8 thousand kilometers.
The auto transport accounts for more than 90 percent of the total volume of passenger transportation and more than 80 percent of internal transportation of commodities.
For the purpose of developing a transport network within the country and for getting access to international transcontinental highways, Tajikistan implements a number of major investment projects, such as: rehabilitation of the highway Dushanbe – Chanak (Uzbek border), Dushanbe – Kulma (Chinese border and access to the Karrakorum highway), Kurgan-Tube – Nizhny Pyanj (Afghan border). Construction of tunnels under the mountain passes ofAnzob, Shakhristan, Shar-Shar and Chormazak is underway.

Nine mobile operators work in Tajikistan using the GSM and CDMA cellular communication standards. “Babilon”, “Indigo”, “M-Teko”, “Saturn Online” and “Telecom Technology LTD” are the biggest providers of telecommunication and Internet services.